The Trade Related Facilities Programme (TRF) has assisted Mozambique’s Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, through the National Livestock Health and Biosecurity Directorate (DNSAB) and the National Livestock Development Directorate, on plant protection, animal health and the strengthening of the Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS).
The SPS deals with animal health, food safety and plant protection and each of these areas have continuously identified areas of concern that plague the region with regard animal and plant pests and diseases as well as potential food safety threats.
Regional guidelines have been developed in order to harmonise Member States approaches to matters that contribute towards the advancement of the region in the agricultural production sectors and on issues that threaten the region’s food security and food export potential. Of high importance to regional collaboration on SPS matters is the existence of well-resourced national SPS committees from which emanate contributions to the regional agenda. As the region moves towards a more industrialised future, SPS matters will be prioritised in order to secure market access to the SADC produced commodities.
TRF is a programme funded by the European Union-funded through SADC. Due to the training that took place since the TRF implementation, the Phytosanitary Inspectors in Mozambique now execute their work in a more harmonised way with the SADC regional guidelines and standards, as well as meeting the regulations applicable to border processing of several commodities and in particular the application of the lists contained in Tables 4 and 5 of the Seed Harmonised Regulations (RHS).
Inspector Celso Vitória, of the Namaacha Phytosanitary Inspection Post, in the south of Mozambique, said, “The reduction of non-conformities on issuing certificates improves the credibility with international trading partners in accordance with the conventions that we have signed.”
World Trade Organisation (WTO) notification system
Mozambique has sent 15 Notifications to the World Trade Organisation (WTO), African Union (AU) and Ping Alert. The most relevant of these were the WTO’s regarding the temporary banning on the importation of all meats, meat products and meat derived products originating from Brazil enterprises with codes SIF 825, SIF 2155, SIF 3459, SIF 3796, SIF 4460, in this way safeguarding food security.
The temporary banning of wild birds, poultry and poultry products, day old chicks, table eggs and fertile eggs domestic imports from the Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa and Zimbabwe in order to protect animals and humans susceptible of getting the Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI), safeguarded the poultry industry and consumers in the country.
In the context of the world health crisis after measures adopted by other countries in the world in order to prevent COVID-19 infection and spreading of the virus, leading to the strict limitation and control of commercial flights, the National Plant Protection Organisation (NPPO) in Mozambique communicated the exceptional measures adopted to ensure the supply of food, particularly plants and vegetable products, thus ensuring national sovereignty.
In the context of all fisheries products, derivatives and by-products, food and aquatic foods for aquatic organisms produced by aquaculture for human consumption and food for aquaculture aquatic organisms, the general regulations project is ongoing with the aim of hygienically sanitary controlling food products of aquatic origin with the objective of adapting them to the new fisheries law in force, allowing for the inspection of fish to adequately fulfil its mission, including the need for collaboration with other government institutions and harmonisation with international legislation..
Improvement in Laboratory Capacity
One of the important achievements is, certainly, the increased laboratory capacity to contribute to pests and diseases introduction and dispersion prevention assured by a better laboratory diagnostic, with the acquisition of equipment and availability of reagents to face the present challenges.
Binocular Optical Microscope allows for greater speed in the identification of phyto-pathogenic species
Autoclave ensures efficiency in the preparation of culture media.